Nizoral (Ketoconazole)







What is Nizoral?

Nizoral (ketoconazole ) is an antifungal antibiotic.

Nizoral is used to treat infections caused by fungus, which can invade any part of the body including the mouth, throat, esophagus, lungs, bladder, or skin.

Nizoral may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important information about Nizoral

You should not use Nizoral if you are allergic to ketoconazole, or if you are also taking triazolam (Halcion).

Before taking Nizoral, tell your doctor if you have liver disease, kidney disease, a heart rhythm disorder, decreased stomach acid (achlorhydria), or a history of "Long QT syndrome."

Take Nizoral for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Nizoral will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Avoid taking antacids or stomach acid reducers (Tagamet, Pepcid, Axid, Zantac, and others) for at least 2 hours after you have taken your dose of Nizoral. These medications can make it harder for the Nizoral tablet to dissolve in your stomach.

Avoid drinking alcohol. It may cause unpleasant side effects while you are taking Nizoral.

Before taking Nizoral

You should not use Nizoral if you are allergic to ketoconazole, or if you are also taking triazolam (Halcion).

If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take Nizoral:

  • decreased stomach acid (achlorhydria);

  • liver disease;

  • kidney disease;

  • a heart rhythm disorder; or

  • a personal or family history of "Long QT syndrome."

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether Nizoral is harmful to an unborn baby. Before you take Nizoral, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. Ketoconazole may pass into breast milk and could harm a nursing baby. Do not use Nizoral without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How should I take Nizoral?

Take Nizoral exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Nizoral works best if you take it with food. Take Nizoral for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Nizoral will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

To be sure Nizoral is not causing harmful effects, your liver function may need to be checked with blood tests on a regular basis. Do not miss any scheduled appointments.

Store Nizoral at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.




What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Symptoms of a Nizoral overdose are not known.

What should I avoid while taking Nizoral?

Avoid taking antacids or stomach acid reducers (Tagamet, Pepcid, Axid, Zantac, and others) for at least 2 hours after you have taken your dose of Nizoral. These medications can make it harder for the Nizoral tablet to dissolve in your stomach.

Avoid drinking alcohol. It may cause unpleasant side effects while you are taking Nizoral.

Nizoral side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Nizoral: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • dizziness, fainting, fast or pounding heartbeat;

  • easy bruising or bleeding, unusual weakness;

  • numbness or tingly feeling;

  • severe depression, confusion, or thoughts of hurting yourself; or

  • nausea, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, weakness, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Less serious Nizoral side effects may include:

  • mild nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain;

  • mild itching or skin rash;

  • headache;

  • dizziness;

  • breast swelling; or

  • impotence or loss of interest in sex.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Nizoral?

Many drugs can interact with Nizoral. Below is just a partial list. Tell your doctor if you are using:

  • acetaminophen (Tylenol);

  • cyclosporine (Gengraf, Sandimmune, Neoral);

  • clopidogrel (Plavix);

  • digoxin (digitalis, Lanoxin);

  • tacrolimus ((Prograf);

  • loratadine (Alavert, Claritin, Tavist ND);

  • methylprednisolone (Medrol);

  • phenytoin (Dilantin);

  • rifampin (Rifadin, Rifater, Rifamate, Rimactane);

  • diabetes medication you take by mouth;

  • a sedative such as midazolam (Versed);

  • a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin);

  • cancer medications;

  • birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy;

  • methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall);

  • cholesterol medications such as niacin (Advicor), atorvastatin (Lipitor), lovastatin (Altocor, Mevacor), simvastatin (Zocor), and others; or

  • medications to treat HIV or AIDS.

This list is not complete and there are many other drugs that can interact with Nizoral. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.








Nizoral (Ketoconazole)
Nizoral (Ketoconazole)